Educación física como proyecto de innovación y transformación cultural

Resumen

La alfabetización física es una capacidad humana fundamental,  indispensable para la forma en que los seres humanos crean y conducen sus vidas, y un factor esencial de calidad de vida, y que la infancia y la adolescencia son períodos críticos para una promoción efectiva de la alfabetización física. Así, se hará la defensa de que la Educación Física debe ser entendida como un proyecto de innovación y transformación cultural que tiene por finalidad formar un “ciudadano” físicamente alfabetizado (a physically literate person), consciente de sus derechos y deberes, dando oportunidad a todos los niños, niñas y adolescentes de adquirir los conocimientos y desarrollar las actitudes y competencias necesarias para una participación emancipada, satisfactoria y prolongada en la cultura del movimiento, en una sociedad democrática, a lo largo de toda la vida. Trataremos de aclarar qué se entiende por alfabetización física y describiremos el papel que la Educación Física debe desempeñar en el desarrollo de la alfabetización física, describiendo los tópicos a considerar por una metodología de enseñanza susceptible de promover la motivación, el conocimiento, la confianza y la competencia motora, es decir, los atributos necesarios para la práctica de la actividad física y del deporte a lo largo de la vida.

Palabras clave:

alfabetización física, Educación física, motivación intrínseca, percepción de competencia

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